The inter-connection of occultism and espionage goes back at least to the Elizabethan intrigues of Dr. John Dee, and certainly is much older than that. For Crowley, Dr. Dee was a role-model in more ways than one. Occult orders and spy agencies do share much in common. Both are focused on the acquisition and safeguarding of specialised knowledge and embrace secrecy as a cardinal virtue.
A review of Lucifer Rising: British Intelligence and the Occult in the Second World War by Nicholas Booth… In 1941, after Rudolf Hess made his notorious flight to Scotland to… Read more »