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This article needs rather more information within the context of Thelema or the life and works of Aleister Crowley. You can help by expanding it.

Though Ra and Atum ("he who completes or perfects") were the same god, Atum was used in distinctive fashions. He was primarily the symbol of the setting sun and was also a substitute for Ra as the creator of Shu and Tefnut from either masturbatory semen, (perhaps via autofellatio) or mucus. Atum was himself created by Ptah in some mythologies. Atum was the father of Hike.

Atum was the head of the Ennead and was represented by Mnewer, the black bull. He was associated with the snake, lizard, beetle, mangust, lion, bull, and ichneumon (mongoose).


  • Wikipedia (2005). Ra. Retrieved March 8, 2005

Document Source

  • This page was originally sourced from Thelemapedia. Retrieved May 2009.