Mercury (godform)

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Major Roman Gods
Dii Consentes
(The Twelve
Great Gods)

Jupiter
Juno
Minerva
Vesta
Ceres
Diana
Venus
Mars
Mercury
Neptune
Vulcan
Apollo

Other Gods

Baachus
Cupid
Discordia
Faunus
Justitia
Luna
Mors
Mutinus
Nox
Pluto
Proserpina
Terra
Saturn
Sol
Uranus

Mercury is a god found in Roman antiquity, also known as the god of trade, profit and commerce. His name is apparently derived from the Latin merx or mercator, a merchant. He is very similar to the Greek god Hermes and the Etruscan Turms.

This article treats Mercury in cult practice and in archaic Rome. For later mythological and poetic accounts of Mercury, which were heavily influenced by Greek mythology, see Hermes.

Mercury's temple in the Circus Maximus, between the Aventine and Palatine hills, was built in 495 BC. This was a fitting place to worship a god of trade and swiftness, since it was a major center of commerce as well as a racetrack. Since it stood between the plebeian stronghold on the Aventine and the patrician center on the Palatine, it also emphasized the role of Mercury as a mediator.

On May 15, the Mercuralia was held in his honor; merchants sprinkled water from his sacred well near the Porta Capena on their heads.

Mercury became extremely popular among the nations the Roman Empire conquered. The Celts equated him with their main god Lugh, and Germans equated him with Wodan.

He was called Mercurius in Latin and was also known as Alipes ("with the winged feet").

Often identified in Classical art by his characteristic petasos and caduceus.

Document Source

  • This page was originally sourced from Thelemapedia. Retrieved May 2009.